|Toledano writes that Gause's finding is "a strong and sincere mea culpa" and that his criticism of Middle East experts for "underestimating the hidden forces driving change||Assumption of interim control by the• pp73—4 Following the raid, some protesters began to expand their aims to a call for the end of the monarchy|
|from the original on 16 March 2011||While in Saudi Arabia, Saleh kept hinting that he could return any time and continued to be present in the political sphere through television appearances from starting with an address to the Yemeni people on 7 July|
Some critics have argued that digital technologies and other forms of communication—videos, cellular phones, blogs, photos, emails, and text messages—have brought about the concept of a "digital democracy" in parts of North Africa affected by the uprisings.
|" 23 July 2016 at the||Writing in April 2019, amidst an offensive to take Libya's capital by who gained the backing of the U|
|30 May 2013 at the , Al Arabiya, 5 August 2011• "Modern Arab Uprisings and Social Media: An Historical Perspective on Media and Revolution"||On 17 March, was adopted, authorising a over Libya, and "all necessary measures" to protect civilians|
from Middle East Editor Jeremy Bowden 10 December 2012• Those revolutions, the article stated, "are going the right way, with a hopeful new mood prevailing and free elections in the offing".9